|Map from 1854 showing the Kansas-Nebraska Act and how Kansas Territory|
is not yet designated free or slave
But the New England Emigrant Society was organized by businessmen and begged men to uproot their families and move west to Kansas Territory. They needed free-state votes so that Kansas wasn't admitted as a slave state.
In many cases, these businessmen in the northeast paid up to 25% of their travel expenses in order to encourage free-state settlement.
And the pro-slavery men living on the border weren't about to let this happen.
|Drawing indicating the beginnings of "Bleeding Kansas" and|
the infiltration of Missourians across the border
While researching a man who lived in the vicinity of New Santa Fe and was a large slaveholder, I ran across a land record from Miami County, Kansas Territory. I was baffled before I really digested what I was reading; why would this man have a land claim in Miami County?
|Baptiste Peoria (1793-1873)|
Chief of the Confederated Peoria tribe
That’d be Marcus Gill, one of the more well-known and celebrated residents of New Santa Fe. His land comprises much of the current subdivision of Verona Hills.
|Drawing of pro-slavery Missourians voting in the 1855 election|
Image from Albert D. Richardson's "Beyond the Mississippi"
|Newspaper clipping from the Kansas Free State|
14 April 1855
|Henry Washington Younger|
He believed in the institution of slavery.
|Bob, Jim and Cole Younger with their sister, Henrietta|
Courtesy of legendsofamerica.com
He even took his postmaster experience in New Santa Fe and repeated it as postmaster in Santa Rosa, California. He worked as a physician and rejoined part of his family in this beautiful area of the country.
|1850s 31-star flag|
The "K" represents Bleeding Kansas